Building the team

We commenced our project by assembling a team of 53 volunteers ;contacting at least one volunteer from each Egyptian governorate. We then assembled a team to collect, sort and control the data, a team to review the technical data and a team to contact organizations and institutes with an experience in monitoring and documenting, as well as gathering numbers and data of the killings during the Rabaa massacre, in addition to a project manager, who is a specialized human rights lawyer.

What we observed:

Documented killings (death certificates, official records or burial permissions)

Killings mentioned in legal documents (reports of surrounding hospitals, reports of the Egyptian ministry of health, reports of the morgue.

Semi-official letters issued by credible agencies such as doctors’ syndicate in Cairo.

Credible photos, videos and documents (gathered by documentation teams at the field hospitl at Rabaa Square, accompanied by phtos and names of bodies, Al Iman mosque (where the bodies were moved after the field hospital was burnt down)

Reports from human rights organizations, activists and defenders after checking their monitoring standards with the international documentation standards in such situations.

The action plan was realized in seven stages

Phase 1:
compiling the data collected by human rights organizations, political bodies and independent activists. At this phase, some committees from Cairo Egyptian Doctors Syndicate, who worked on this case, were contacted. We then gathered the available data and posted it on Wiki Thawra, as well as the data available from human rights organizations concerned with this issue, such as the Arab Organization for human rights in UK, Human Rights Monitor, and the data provided by volunteering campaigns that document this issue such as Eaa`rafohom, “know them” campaign, and the pages of the opponent political bodies in the egyptian governorates, and other data collected through anonymous activists who fear getting hassled by the security forces.

Phase 2:
Collecting details of victims in each of the Egyptian governorates and gathering resources within all governorates’ centers and sectors, to ensure the accuracy of the collected data as well as reaching out to the largest number of victims whom were not previously accessed by the documentation teams. In this stage the team succeeded in accessing every governomate’s data and in establishing documentation resources in all the governorates besides Cairo as no documentation team were able to cover all of its sectors.

Phase 3:
Review and Evaluation; where the team reviewed all collected datas, from the mentioned resources, compaired it and omitted any duplications to produce a single output and categorize it geogarphically, by putting it into a table specific to each governorate as well as creating a sperate table for the victims whose governorate was not determined, to present them to differnt local resources in governorates to complete their data.

Phase 4:
The Audit; the team presented the whole data to different governorates, and accordingly the missing residence addresses were determined and repeated names in several governorates were deleted, in the case of a person working in one location and living in another, causing him/her to be recorded twice while compiling the data. And so, most of those whose addresses were not determined and had legal papers, such as the morgue or a nearby hospital, were considered residents of Cairo.

Phase 5:
Completing the Data, where the team made their efforts to complete victims’ missing data, collect the highest possible number of documents and legal papers related to the victims, and so the team succeeded to collect …. Files up to this date as a first step to a continuous documentation process.

Phase 6:
Reviewing all the names and looking them up online, individually, through google to find any extra information and any mentioned details to follow up with activists in all Egyptian governorates.

Phase 7:
addition of the names of anonymous victims, proved either by authorized certificates from the Egyptian Doctors Syndicate, prior to the documentation of Al Iman mosque bodies, or through legal reports from the Egyptian Ministry of Health.


This monitoring and documentation is considered to be lowest documented data and do not represent the actual number of victims, but it is a strong base and a starting point to build upon in the future after overcoming the obstacles faced by the team in the process in accordance with the mentioned standards. The most important obstacles are:

Some victims were buried without legal papers and without announcing their death, due to the intransigence caused by legal authorities to document the deaths and issue their death certificates. Some were documented (Mosaab Al Shamy, Alexandria) but similar cases were not attained.

Victims who have no connections to a political body or activities in Cairo or other governorates, who went out to protest peacefully, and the fear of family relatives to mention their death in Rabaa to avoid facing any harassments by the security forces, pushing them to bury the victims using certificates with natural causes, avoiding the mention of their injuries or the location where they were killed.

Some victims’ families are simple، in terms of education and income, and has not communication tools to enable them to speak out or to deal with the human-rights and media organizations.